2/00 - Chapter 2

2 min read

Cover Image for 2/00 - Chapter 2

The Roots of TVET delves into it's historical foundations, tracing its evolution from medieval guilds to modern institutions. We will explore via an European perspective, how guilds, the primary entities for regulating trades and ensuring quality during the medieval period, laid the groundwork for structured vocational training.

The chapter will also examine the role of mercantilism, the prevailing economic philosophy that influenced the development of vocational education by emphasizing the importance of a skilled workforce to compete in global trade.

Furthermore, we will discuss the transition to the Chambers of Commerce, which adapted the guilds' roles to support broader commercial interests and economic development. By understanding these historical underpinnings, this chapter seeks to answer why European countries today are among the best in vocational training, considering whether their historical practices in TVET have contributed to their current success. This historical perspective will provide insights into the lasting impacts of Europe’s educational and economic strategies.

Three Questions

Based on the readings of this chapter. These are important questions to prompt critical thinking among policymakers, politicians, and TVET strategists as they plan their local TVET initiatives:

  1. Historical Continuity and Change: How does the historical development of TVET in your region influence current practices, and what elements from the past should be preserved or changed to meet today’s educational and economic needs?

  2. Adaptation of Historical Models: Given the evolution of TVET from guilds to modern institutions, how can your TVET system integrate the rigorous apprenticeship and quality control methods from the guild era while adapting to the flexibility and technological demands of the 21st century?

  3. Economic and Cultural Specificity: How can your TVET programs be tailored to reflect the specific economic and cultural contexts of your region, rather than replicating TVET models from historically dominant nations which might not fit local needs?


All evaluations conducted by TVET360 are for educational purposes only. Although these evaluations are valid and based on reliable sources, they are not intended to degrade, belittle, or criticize any country. We respect the unique strengths, cultures, and challenges of each nation. For the most accurate and personalized information, individuals should consult local experts, official sources, and consider the specific context of their situation.

Thank you for your time ❤️